Prof Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen, University of Aalborg, Esbjerg, Denmark
Title: 2nd Generation Biorefineries in the context of Bioenergy in Europe. Reaching EU Targets of Renewable Energy 2020 – 2030. Including Denmark as case example, how to reach 100% Renewable Energy supply 2050
Biomass is biodegradable products, wastes and residues of biological origin from agriculture, forestry and aquaculture. Biomass comes from a wide range of raw materials that includes forestry wood materials, agricultural crops, by-products from farming and forestry, manure and the organic fraction of waste products (Intelligent Energy Europe, 2009; European Commission, 2010). Biomass as a form of renewable energy has the advantage that it can be easily stored, transported and utilised with a flexible load and applications at the place and time of energy and products needed. This makes the biomass unique among renewable energy sources.
The biomass resources currently available for producing energy can be classified into woody biomass, agricultural sources, biowastes and algae’s (Holm-Nielsen et al. 2010). Agriculture and forestry are the biggest sources of biomass around the world and accounts for 38% and 31% of the total world’s area respectively (FAO, 2010; Holm-Nielsen et al. 2006), but environmental sensitivities and sustainability criteria’s need to be taken into account. Farmers has started paradigm shifts from being food and feed producers towards including production of biomass for fuel and CHP-production and to deliver biomass for new biorefinery concepts and products. Within high level of land productivity, the energy demands and needs might be achieved to a larger extent by changes in agricultural growing systems.
Developing new concepts of biorefineries includes evolutionary concepts of integrated biomass conversion processes, this opens new biotechnology platform, shifting from centralized way of production into decentralised production, adopting the distributed character of feedstock with low energy density. Nowadays decentralised biorefineries are the platform and inspiration for a wide range of future biobased products.
2.nd generation biorefinery platform consists of Lignocellulosic biomass from Agriculture and Forestry as well as from Organic Waste streams and by-products.
Examples will be given of how to reach a large proporsion of Renewable Energy supply by combining Windenergy – Solar Energy and Bioenergy in Denmark and the Northern Europe.
Keywords: Biomass resource potential, Bioenergy, Biofuels , Biorefineries, Biomass Sustainability Criteria’s, Lignocellulosic biomass. Renewable Energy Systems. Integration Wind-Bioenergy-Solar
Dr. Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen; Ph.D. Head of Research Group of Bioenergy and Green Engineering, Department of Energy Technology, Aalborg University, Denmark.
25 Years of experience in the field of Biomass Feedstock production, Biorefinery concepts and Biogas production. Board member of R, D & D committee of a cross-governmental body of biogas developments 1993-2009, Denmark. Secretary and/or chairman of NGO biogas and bioenergy organisations. Experience of a variety of EU projects, Organiser of international conferences, workshops and training programmes in EU, Ukraine, Canada and China.
Research: Managing research, development and demonstration programmes in
integrated agriculture, environment and energy systems. Fulfilled biomass
and bioenergy R & D projects. Main focus in biofuels, biogas and biomass
resources. Supervising M.Sc. and Ph.D. students in these research fields.
Training programmes: International courses, training programmes and supervision for
Ph.D. students and academic staff, governmental bodies and experts in bioenergy systems.
Full biography can be found at www.aau.dk – profile search Jens Bo Holm-Nielsen
Prof. Eduard Babulac
Department of Computer Science, Mah University, USA.
Prof. Indranil Sengupta, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India
Prof. Ricardo Armentano, Favaloro University, Buenos Aires, Argentina